Penggunaan Sel Stem dalam Pengkulturan Daging: Analisis Menurut Perspektif Hukum Islam

The Use of Stem Cells in Cultured Meat: Analysis According to Islamic Law Perspective

  • Mohammad Naqib Hamdan Akademi Tamadun Islam, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Mohd Anuar Ramli Department of Fiqh and Usul, Academy of Islamic Studies, Universiti Malaya
  • Azman Ab Rahman Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Keywords: sel stem, pengkulturan daging, daging kultur

Abstract

Cultured meat is one of the latest innovations in food processing that are environmentally friendly, highly demanded and meeting market requirements. The meat is no longer produced organically through conventional means of livestock farming but it is harvested in laboratories and factories. In fact it benefits consumer. This study discusses the concept and history of cultured meat, the production and the techniques used in its production. In addition, the analysis of the Islamic ruling is carried out by assessing the current fatwas dealing with meat culture. To complete this study, qualitative methods were employed by referring to journals, books and fatwas. The results showed that cultured meat that derived from slaughtered cattle is Halal whereas the cultured meat using the source of stem cells from living cattle is not Halal. The process of culturing meat is also considered as alteration of God’s creation, and the source of stem cells will determine the Halal status of cultured meat.

ABSTRAK

Daging kultur adalah salah satu inovasi terbaru dalam penghasilan produk makanan yang bersifat mesra alam selain menerima permintaan tinggi serta memenuhi keperluan pasaran. Daging ini tidak lagi dihasilkan secara alami melalui penternakan di ladang, sebaliknya dihasilkan di makmal dan kilang. Bahkan daging kultur boleh mendatangkan manfaat yang banyak kepada pengguna. Kajian ini akan membincangkan konsep dan sejarah daging kultur, faktor penghasilan dan teknik yang digunakan dalam menghasilkan daging kultur. Di samping itu, analisis hukum dijalankan dengan menilai fatwa semasa berkaitan status daging kultur. Kajian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan merujuk kepada jurnal, buku dan fatwa semasa bagi melengkapkan kajian. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa daging kultur yang dihasilkan bersumberkan lembu yang disembelih adalah Halal dimakan manakala daging kultur yang menggunakan sumber sel stem dari lembu yang masih belum disembelih adalah tidak Halal dimakan. Proses pengkulturan daging juga berhubungkait dengan hukum pengubahan ciptaan Allah SWT di samping sumber stem sel akan menentukan hukum memakan daging kultur.

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Published
2019-10-16
How to Cite
Hamdan, M. N., Ramli, M. A., & Ab Rahman, A. (2019). Penggunaan Sel Stem dalam Pengkulturan Daging: Analisis Menurut Perspektif Hukum Islam. Journal of Fatwa Management and Research, 8-24. https://doi.org/10.33102/jfatwa.vol18no1.2