Social Protection Of Domestic Workers: Sunnah Perspectives


  • Huzaifa Aliyu Jangebe Department of Islamic Studies, Federal University, Gusau, Zamfara State, NIGERIA
  • Qaasim-Badmusi Saheed Biodun Department of Islamic Studies, Federal University, Gusau, Zamfara State, NIGERIA



Social Protection, Domestic Workers, Sunnah.


The marginalization of domestic workers is a pervasive issue worldwide, particularly evident in Nigeria where these workers face dehumanization and discrimination. This discordance with the Sunnah's core principles necessitates a thorough examination of policies rooted in Islamic teachings to uphold the dignity and labor rights of domestic workers. Employing a methodology blending library research and descriptive analysis, this study systematically collects, organizes, and analyzes pertinent hadiths to illuminate the lexicon within the Sunnah pertaining to domestic workers. Through this process, various concepts and terms emerge, such as 'Asifu,' 'Ajiru,' 'Tabi'u,' 'Kafi,' and 'Khadimu,' delineating the nature and mode of their service. Furthermore, the study establishes a clear distinction between domestic workers and slaves regarding their duties, rights, and freedom. It emphasizes that while domestic workers may provide services of a religious or worldly nature, those rendered solely for financial gain hold no additional reward in this life or the Hereafter. Sunnah principles underscore the protection of domestic workers' legal rights, necessitating clear delineation of their duties and fair compensation, either within contractual terms or customary practices. Additionally, the Sunnah advocates against overworking domestic workers and emphasizes timely wage payment. Recommendations include forgiveness for transgressions and visiting workers during illness, reflecting a compassionate approach. Conversely, domestic workers are expected, according to Sunnah, to fulfill their employment obligations with sincerity. This paper contends that the conscientious adoption of its findings will significantly contribute to safeguarding the labor rights of domestic workers.


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How to Cite

Jangebe, H. A. ., & Biodun, Q.-B. S. (2024). Social Protection Of Domestic Workers: Sunnah Perspectives. Journal of Fatwa Management and Research, 29(2), 23–38.




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