Journal of Fatwa Management and Research http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa <div> <p align="justify">Journal of Fatwa Management and Research is a refereed journal published by the <a href="http://e-infad.usim.edu.my/">World Fatwa Management and Research Institute (INFAD)</a> at Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM). It is published four times a year, in January, April, July and October. The main objective of its publication is to provide an appropriate channel for information and research publication, seminar papers, case studies and book reviews related to <strong>fatwa</strong> and <strong>halal</strong> based on original research and ideas by the respective authors.<br /><br />The journal serves as a platform for sharing ideas and experiences related to the research, development and application of fatwa and halal worldwide.</p> </div> <p align="justify">The editorial board welcomes original contributions (written in Bahasa Melayu, English and Arabic) which have never been published or considered for publication by any other publishers.</p> <p align="justify"><strong>Indexed in:</strong></p> <p align="justify"><img src="http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/public/site/images/adminjfatwa/mc.png" alt="" width="202" height="46" /><img src="http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/public/site/images/adminjfatwa/myjurnal.png" alt="" width="202" height="46" /><img src="http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/public/site/images/adminjfatwa/cross.png" alt="" width="202" height="46" /><img src="http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/public/site/images/adminjfatwa/gs.png" alt="" width="202" height="46" /></p> Penerbit USIM en-US Journal of Fatwa Management and Research 2232-1047 Isolasi Sosio-Budaya Masyarakat Orang Asli di Malaysia dan Kesannya Terhadap Pentafsiran Hukum Islam http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/304 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Majority of the indigenous people who are the original inhabitants in Malaysia inhibit the remote area of tropical forest which is rich in natural resources. Their lives are separated from the outside community due to several factors such as geography, low literacy, negative perceptions of the surrounding community, and the closed-door attitude of the indigenous people. Consistent preaching activities have changed the faith of the indigenous people from animism orientation towards believing in the Oneness of God. The practice of Islam as a way of life in the lives of indigenous peoples is found to be difficult to practice because the fiqh approach presented to them does not celebrate their local condition. In this regard, this study will examine the socio-cultural isolation of indigenous peoples and their impact on the interpretation of Islamic law. To achieve this objective, the researchers have applied the library research method by referring to the literatures related to the discussion of Islamic scholars in various disciplines of fiqh and usūl al-fiqh. The research found </em><em>that there is rukhsah and taysir approach given to isolated people as well as with local background to facilitate the religious affairs of the indigenous people. </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Abstrak</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Majoriti masyarakat Orang Asli yang merupakan penduduk asal di semenanjung Malaysia mendiami kawasan pedalaman di hutan hujan tropika yang kaya dengan khazanah alam. Kehidupan mereka terasing daripada masyarakat luar disebabkan beberapa faktor seperti geografi, kadar literasi yang rendah, pandangan negatif masyarakat sekitar dan sikap tertutup masyarakat Orang Asli. Gerakan dakwah yang dijalankan secara konsisten telah membawa perubahan kepercayaan sebahagian masyarakat Orang Asli daripada berorientasikan animisme kepada mempercayai Tuhan yang Esa. Pengamalan Islam sebagai cara hidup dalam kehidupan masyarakat Orang Asli didapati agak sukar untuk dipraktikkan lantaran pendekatan fiqh yang disampaikan kepada mereka tidak meraikan suasana setempat mereka. Sehubungan itu, kajian ini akan meneliti keadaan isolasi sosio-budaya masyarakat Orang Asli dan kesannya terhadap pentafsiran hukum Islam. Bagi mencapai objektif tersebut, pengkaji menggunakan kajian kepustakaan sepenuhnya dengan menelusuri literatur berkaitan dengan perbincangan sarjana Islam dalam pelbagai disiplin ilmu fiqh dan usul fiqh. Hasil kajian mendapati terdapat rukhsah dan pendekatan taysir diberikan kepada mereka yang hidup terasing serta berlatar belakang budaya setempat bagi memudahkan urusan keagamaan masyarakat Orang Asli. </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Paiz Hassan Mohd Anuar Ramli Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Fatwa Management and Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 1 20 10.33102/jfatwa.vol21no1.304 Kearifan Tempatan dalam Adat Kematian Masyarakat Melayu dari perspektif Uruf http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/303 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Every community has its custom and tradition. They are formed by intellectuals of the society. Customs and traditions are basically, a habit that is widely practiced within a society. It becomes a guide and reference in the daily life of the community. In the practice of custom and tradition, the elements of local wisdom are derived from a pattern of thinking from a combination of knowledge and the practices of previous generation. Local wisdom can be referred as a series of information, guidance, and wisdom passed down from generation to generation as a life strategy that represents the advancement of thought and knowledge in a society. In theory of Uṣūl al-Fiqh, the discussion of customs and traditions is included in the discussion of ‘urf. ‘Urf is a collection of customs and traditions practiced, recognized and acknowledged by Syara'. Local wisdom is a product of intellectual property as a result of a combination of customary practices, traditions and guidance from revelation. This combination results in local wisdom which defines ‘urf sāhih and ‘urf fāsid. ‘Urf sāhih refers to acceptable ‘urf, meanwhile, ‘urf fāsid refers to ‘urf rejected by Islam. In this regard, this study focuses on local wisdom from the perspective of ‘urf and the conditions which make the local wisdom accepted by Syara'. In order to achieve the objective, this study applies a method of library research with reference to writings related to local wisdom and ‘urf. The collected qualitative data were analysed deductively to define the status of local wisdom based on the perspective of ‘urf. The findings of the study defined the status of local wisdom based on ‘urf sāhih, either to accept or reject, and local wisdom based on ‘urf fāsid are rejected in determining the Islamic law. </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Setiap masyarakat punyai adat dan tradisi. Adat dan tradisi diwarnai oleh golongan cerdik pandai dalam masyarakat. Adat dan tradisi pada dasarnya ialah sesuatu kebiasaan yang dipraktikkan secara meluas dalam masyarakat. Ia menjadi pedoman dan rujukan dalam kehidupan seharian masyarakat lingkungan. Dalam amalan adat dan tradisi, terkandung unsur kearifan tempatan hasil corak pemikiran yang dicerakinkan daripada gabungan keilmuan dan pengamalan generasi terdahulu. Kearifan tempatan adalah serangkaian maklumat, petunjuk, dan kebijaksanaan yang diwariskan daripada generasi ke generasi sebagai satu strategi kehidupan yang melambangkan kemajuan pemikiran dan keilmuan dalam masyarakat. Dalam teori Usul fiqh, perbincangan berkaitan adat dan tradisi adalah termasuk dalam perbincangan Uruf. Uruf adalah sekumpulan adat dan tradisi yang dipraktikkan, diketahui dan diiktiraf oleh syara’. Kearifan tempatan adalah produk keintelektualan hasil daripada gabungan amalan adat, tradisi dan panduan daripada wahyu. Gabungan ini menghasilkan kearifan tempatan yang mencorakkan uruf sahih dan uruf fasid. Uruf sahih adalah uruf yang diterima, manakala uruf fasid adalah uruf yang ditolak daripada Islam. Sehubungan dengan itu, kajian ini memfokuskan kedudukan kearifan tempatan daripada perspektif uruf dan syarat-syarat pengambilkiraan kearifan tempatan dalam uruf yang diterima oleh syara’. Bagi mencapai objektif tersebut, kajian ini mengaplikasi kajian kepustakaan sepenuhnya dengan merujuk kepada literatur berkaitan kearifan tempatan dan uruf. Data kualitatif yang dikumpulkan akan dianalisis kandungannya secara deduktif bagi merumuskan kedudukan kearifan tempatan daripada perspektif uruf. Hasil dapatan kajian ialah menunjukkan kearifan tempatan yang berasaskan uruf sahih diterima dan sebaliknya, kearifan tempatan yang berasaskan uruf fasid adalah tidak diterima dalam penfatwaan hukum syara’.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Kata kunci:</em></strong><em> Kearifan tempatan, uruf, sahih, fasid</em></p> Muhammad Yusri Yusof @ Salleh Mohd Anuar Ramli Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Fatwa Management and Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 21 37 10.33102/jfatwa.vol21no1.303 Dual Agency Practices in Islamic Financial Institutions: A Fiqh Perspective http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/297 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Bay al-tawarruq is increasingly adopted by Malaysian Islamic financial institutions (IFIs) in creating both deposit and financing products. The contract involves sequences of trading between three parties namely client, IFIs and brokers. However, in order to simply the operation and to minimize client’s involvement, the actual trading are conducted between IFI and brokers only. IFI will act on behalf of the client and execute all trading transactions. The practice triggers fiqh issue because the IFI (as agent of client) will sell and purchase commodity to himself. The present article discusses the issue by assessing Muslim jurists’ view pertaining to dual agency practices. The article adopts juristic analysis method in which classical and contemporary scholars arguments are analysed before a preferred opinion (tarjih) is concluded. Understanding the issue is vital to avoid misunderstanding about the legality of Islamic financial products particularly products that used the organized bay’ al-tawarruq as the underlying contract.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> Amir Shaharuddin Aizul Aiman Musa Fatin Syahirah Mohamad Nawi Adi Hanif Mohamed Ahmad Ahmad Mukarrami Ab Mumin Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Fatwa Management and Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 38 48 10.33102/jfatwa.vol21no1.297 Exploring The Role of Halal Certification on Food Companies' Performance in Malaysia http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/281 <p>The increase of demands for halal certification is found among food industries in Malaysia.&nbsp; Besides the sales, the authority from state and federal level takes every measures to facilitate the standard and application procedures.&nbsp; The process of halal certification requires commitments from the workers which include trust and integrity. The study explores the important role of halal certification on food industries performance in Malaysia. Halal certification has paved way for the hygiene food and sustainable clean industries that are experienced today. The study uses the Theory of Reason for Action to explain these roles. Literature review methodology is used to explain and explore the new area of research. The findings revealed the important role of halal certification and recommend more food companies to tap the advantage of increasing their sales by making their companies certified in order to make their food hygiene, safe and healthy. This study provides of literatures that have been missing on the study of halal food industries in Malaysia.</p> Mohd Hashim Muda Alina Abdul Rahim Norhayati Rafida Abdul Rahim Siti Zubaidah Muhammad Sumaiyah Abd. Aziz Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Fatwa Management and Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 49 68 10.33102/jfatwa.vol21no1.281 حقوق المتحولين جنسيًا في ماليزيا في ضوء مقاصد الشريعة http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/234 <p><em>Transgenders are a marginalized group in many parts of the world including Malaysia. For this reason, some parties have demanded certain rights in favor of the transgenders. The aim of this research is to study the rights of transgender people in Malaysia from the perspective of Maqasid Syariah. The researcher has followed a set of methodologies with which he addressed the topic at hand. Using analytical approach, the researcher discussed the issue of transgenders’ rights and its legitimacy in light of Maqasid Syariah. A field study was also conducted through interviews with transgender people in Kuantan, Pahang. The study concluded with some findings, the most important of which are: the importance of observing the general rights that should be given to all without excluding the transgender community</em> <em>which are the rights that Syariah has prescribed in order to preserve the dignity of human being. As for the rights demanded by transgender activists, they are subject to the view of Shariah in terms of being a means to achieve objectives and goals the Shariah aims for.</em></p> farhan bin hasmady Mustafa Mat Jubri@Shamsuddin Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Fatwa Management and Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 69 91 10.33102/jfatwa.vol21no1.234