Penerokaan Konsep Al-Tawriq dalam Pencairan Aset Wakaf

Exploration of the Concept of al-Tawriq in Waqf Asset Liquidity

  • Fuadah Johari Associate Professor
  • Wan Abdul Fattah Wan Ismail Associate Professor
  • Muhammad Aunurrochim Mas’ad Senior Lecturer
  • Hanim Misbah Senior Lecturer
  • Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin Lecturer and Researcher
  • Nurul Asikin Abdul Razak
Keywords: Kecairan aset wakaf, perbandingan mazhab, kekurangan sumber dana wakaf, kewangan sosial Islam, al-Tawriq

Abstract

Al-Tawriq, which liquidity and sells waqf assets, is mooted by Mohd Daud Bakar (Global Syariah Figure) to address unproductive, idle, no commercial value and lack of funds for waqf assets, aimed at financing maintenance or development costs. Despite waqf assets need to be maintained as a fundamental principle of waqf, based on the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad, al-Tawriq is permissible according to ijtihad by Qadi's or syariah advisory panel.  Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to explore to what extent, Islamic law allows the waqf assets to be liquidated by selling those properties. Using the qualitative method based on the analysis of the textual content of the classic Fiqh reference books, this study will explore the fundamental principles that allow this al-Tawriq method to be implemented. The study found that there are some basic principles that support al-Tawriq to be applied. The study proposes al-Tawriq to be used as one of the solutions to the development of waqf assets in Malaysia, aimed at enhancing the quality of waqf assets by establishing cash liquidity as a new source of funding for maintenance or development expenditure. It is important to ensure that waqf assets become more productive, beneficial for beneficiaries in their hereafter and have a positive impact on the development and economy of Muslims and humanity.

ABSTRAK

Al-Tawriq iaitu mencairkan dan menjual aset wakaf adalah antara solusi terkini yang diilhamkan oleh Mohd Daud Bakar (Tokoh Syariah Global) bagi menangani masalah aset wakaf yang tidak produktif, terbiar, tiada nilai komersial dan kekurangan sumber dana, bertujuan untuk membiayai kos penyelenggaraan ataupun pembangunan. al-Tawriq dibenarkan berdasarkan ijtihad semasa melalui keputusan Qadi ataupun panel penasihatan syariah walaupun pada asalnya aset wakaf perlu dikekalkan sebagai prinsip asas wakaf berdasarkan hadith Rasulullah SAW. Oleh itu tujuan  utama kajian ini adalah sejauhmana keharusan syarak dalam membenarkan aset-aset wakaf boleh dicairkan dengan menjual harta-harta tersebut. Dengan menggunakan kaedah kualitatif berdasarkan analisis kandungan teks buku-buku rujukan Fiqh klasik, kajian ini akan meneroka prinsip-prinsip asas yang membenarkan kaedah al-Tawriq ini dilaksanakan berasaskan perbandingan mazhab. Akhir kajian mendapati, terdapat beberapa prinsip-prinsip asas yang membenarkan al-Tawriq ini dilaksanakan antaranya aset wakaf tidak lagi berfungsi seperti tujuan asal diwakafkan. Kajian ini mengusulkan al-Tawriq digunapakai sebagai salah satu solusi kepada pembangunan aset-aset wakaf di Malaysia bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kualiti aset wakaf dengan mewujudkan kecairan tunai sebagai sumber dana baharu kepada perbelanjaan penyelenggaraan ataupun pembangunan. Ianya penting bagi memastikan aset wakaf menjadi lebih produktif, dapat dimanfaatkan oleh penerima manfaat, dan jariah pahalanya boleh berjalan, berterusan dan memberi impak yang positif kepada pembangunan dan ekonomi umat Islam dan manusia sejagat.

Author Biographies

Fuadah Johari, Associate Professor

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Wan Abdul Fattah Wan Ismail, Associate Professor

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Muhammad Aunurrochim Mas’ad, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Hanim Misbah, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Economics and Muamalat, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin, Lecturer and Researcher

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Nurul Asikin Abdul Razak

Faculty of Economics and Muamalat, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

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Published
2019-01-08
How to Cite
Johari, F., Wan Ismail, W. A. F., Mas’ad, M. A., Misbah, H., Baharuddin, A. S., & Abdul Razak, N. A. (2019). Penerokaan Konsep Al-Tawriq dalam Pencairan Aset Wakaf. Journal of Fatwa Management and Research, 13(1), 198-214. Retrieved from http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/179
Section
Seminar Papers