Crown Lengthening for Aesthetic Purposes from the Islamic Perspective

a Case Discussion

  • Norlela Yacob Senior Lecturer
  • Haslinda Ramli Senior Lecturer
  • Mohd Nasir Abdul Majid Senior Lecturer
  • Ahmad Zaki S alleh Senior Lecturer
  • Faizah Abdul Fatah Senior Lecturer
Keywords: dental fiqh, aesthetic dentistry, crown lengthening, shariah

Abstract

The aim of dental treatment is to restore function and improve oral health condition. It is an advantage if the treatment conducted can also improve aesthetic. However, current trend of patient’s demand for aesthetic treatment is challenging. This alarming scenario sometimes does not comply with Shariah and Islamic jurisprudence. Crown lengthening is a procedure to facilitate restoration in certain clinical conditions simultaneously improves the aesthetic in anterior region.  It involves manipulation of gingiva which requires removal of soft tissue and/or hard tissue. This paper was aimed to discuss the management of missing teeth with crown lengthening surgery from Islamic perspective. In the selected case, a lady requested to replace her denture with a fixed prosthesis that requires surgery. Initially, the surgical procedure was only planned on the right anterior region. However, during the preliminary stage of determining the treatment outcome; crown lengthening on both sides is advice to harmonize the gingival line. The final decision was to carry out surgical procedure on the site of complaint and crown lengthening surgery on both sides. As expected, the outcome of the treatment significantly improved the aesthetic of the patient. This study employs mainly the comparative case study approach where the detail description of the selected case is mapped to the Shariah principles and guidelines related to aesthetic treatment. The selected Shariah principles and guidelines are based on the commonly accepted school of law.  In conclusion, this study found that the treatment proposed by the specialist that is based on function first, followed by correction of aesthetics is in line with the guidelines and principles of Shariah as well as legal maxim that falls under acts are judged by their goals and purpose (al-’Umur-bimaqasidiha). Therefore, basic knowledge on Islamic principle is favourable for dentist and patient in deciding the final treatment plan.

           

Author Biographies

Norlela Yacob, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Haslinda Ramli, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Mohd Nasir Abdul Majid, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah & Law,  Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Ahmad Zaki S alleh, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah & Law,  Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Faizah Abdul Fatah, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

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Photograph

n.a 2014. Photograph A. Aesthetic Correction of Bony Defect with Multidisciplinary Approach: A Case Study. World Applied Sciences Journal vol: 30: 360-364.

n.a 2018. Photograph B. Faculty of Dentistry. Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia.

Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
Yacob, N., Ramli, H., Abdul Majid, M. N., alleh, A. Z. S., & Abdul Fatah, F. (2018). Crown Lengthening for Aesthetic Purposes from the Islamic Perspective. Journal of Fatwa Management and Research, 13(1), 44-51. Retrieved from http://jfatwa.usim.edu.my/index.php/jfatwa/article/view/151
Section
Seminar Papers